2021.10.23 11:34 International_Bit589 Ig/galletita
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2021.10.23 11:34 Djhal2001 Some Costume ideas of mine
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2021.10.23 11:34 Oban79 Someone told a story in game chat lol
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2021.10.23 11:34 Canalactu Covid-19 Sénégal : 11 nouvelles infections enregistrées ce samedi 23 octobre 2021
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2021.10.23 11:34 Otra_Cuenta_De_Jona La historia de mi vida:
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2021.10.23 11:34 Politurtle "Prevención del delito y violencia en los barrios": Expertos extranjeros analizan problemas de seguridad y violencia en Chile
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2021.10.23 11:34 morpho4444 Do you think Amelia Earhart was chosen by Jacob?
2021.10.23 11:34 Amazing-Pressure-741 My first course on SMM2
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2021.10.23 11:34 Callyourmother_ Hope everyone is having a good weekend, I work 12’s all weekend. So y’all better have a drink for me
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2021.10.23 11:34 Tim_Lego Mike
Hey guys sorry it’s been a while, I was taking some time off but now I am back! Also I had an encounter with someone named Micheal Myers, thought he was an old buddy from high school but it turns out he’s not.
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2021.10.23 11:34 vldzmtordusvlf Duran Duran drop new album 40 years after debut
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2021.10.23 11:34 JustaSimpleScientist Remeber to put ballots in the mail by 10/26 or drop off in person to ensure they get counted
You can check registration at: app.mt.gov/voterinfo/
You can register in person and get a ballot the same day, until Nov 1st at noon, because Republicans eliminated our ability to register the day of.
After 10/26 you can bring your ballot to 311 W Main St room 210 by Nov 2nd at 8pm
submitted by JustaSimpleScientist to Bozeman [link] [comments]
2021.10.23 11:34 BurdenofPain The Media Has Failed Healthcare
Confluence is a complex word, often used to explain complex concepts. But when journalists use it to describe pressing healthcare issues, the word seems conveniently simplified.
It was used to describe the combined influence of the COVID-19 pandemic and the opioid epidemic on rising suicide rates. It was used to explain the combined impact of COVID-19 and seasonal influenza on total viral respiratory infections.
But the word was hardly ever used correctly. Instead it was inserted into articles that simplified complex statistical trends or healthcare policies into convenient cause and effect relationships.
Effectively, journalists would find a healthcare topic to write about, identify one or two statistics to explain the topic, and then complete the article with narratives, quotations, and anecdotes that justify the writer’s framing of the statistics.
This process explains how most healthcare articles are drafted by journalists writing out of prominent media outlets. It also explains why the public has a poor understanding of healthcare and public health policy.
In recent years, media outlets have increasingly covered healthcare topics, a trend that accelerated during the pandemic. Most assumed the rise in healthcare news would increase public awareness of healthcare topics, leading to a more educated patient population.
Instead, the rise in healthcare media coverage has been more complicated than we assumed due to counterintuitive effects arising from two phenomena unique to healthcare journalism.
The first coming from cognitive distortions arising in the way healthcare articles are written. The second coming from the stagnation in new ideas based on the sheer volume of healthcare articles written.
Often when we read a healthcare article portraying a particular stance, we question the writer’s objectivity – often dismissing the writer as prejudiced. But most cognitive distortions are subconscious, arising from a host of small, individual decisions made over the course of writing an article.
These include decisions writers make regarding the healthcare topic, the angle taken, and the sources cited in the article. Most experienced journalists establish some standard method to make these decisions. Gradually these decisions become reflexive, forming judgmental shortcuts.
Behavioral economists call these heuristics, or thought patterns used to make quick decisions. Journalists rely on these heuristics when constructing a healthcare article, whether they intend the article to be overtly prejudiced or truly objective.
These heuristics not only show up in how the articles are drafted, but in how they are presented to the public. Writers live through their readers. And the more successful a writer, the more readers he or she has. But the more readers a writer has, the more targeted the written content has to be – in order to maintain the readership base.
Presenting healthcare news to a targeted audience requires the writer to contextualize the content in a way that appeals to readers. This is where we see tendencies to simplify statistics or to frame healthcare issues into convenient cause and effect relationships. The writer frames the healthcare topic in way that resonates with the readers to maximize readership. But by cultivating content in this way, the writer merely reinforces the existing beliefs the readers hold.
The writer may be consciously aware of this, and attempt to present counterpoints to maintain an objective stance. But the counterpoints are still contextualized to the targeted audience, relative to the initial heuristics used to draft the article – often creating another bias out of a writer’s attempt to appear balanced.
These are called judgmental heuristics. Even when a writer is trying to be objective, the process of drafting content for a targeted audience creates biases.
And if the method by which a writer drafts an article proves biased, then the resulting article will inevitably be biased. Not towards any particular stance – for or against a given healthcare issue – but biased in the way the issues are presented, and subsequently understood by the readers.
Biases, once repeated, quickly become established patterns emulated by other writers also seeking to gain their readers’ attention. This is why most healthcare articles are written through these formulaic patterns, and why the reading audience continues to consume these healthcare articles at a high clip.
The heuristics are repeated until they become fluent to both the writer and the reader. Fluency leads to familiarity, and familiarity leads to trust, which is the ultimate goal writers seek to gain among their readers.
And through the heightened pace of the modern news cycle, we see articles drafted and consumed at an ever increasing rate, which then results in a greater number of articles – which creates the second counterintuitive phenomenon.
The more information available, the slower the rate of change in the information, which means biased information drafted into healthcare articles, once introduced into the news cycles, lingers longer than it would if less news were available or fewer news outlets existed.
Simply put, the heuristics in the initial healthcare articles create a precedent for future articles on the same topic. So instead of new information, we receive the same information, interpreted differently but through the same judgmental biases – reframing the same content as though it were new while reiterating biased information until it is perceived to be true.
The more articles covering a healthcare issue, the more established the biases become. A process called “ossification of canon” by professors Johan Chu of Northwestern University and James Evans of the University of Chicago.
The two professors studied citation rates among scholarly publications in different academic fields, finding that large academic fields have higher rates of repeated content and repeated citations compared to smaller or newer academic fields.
Larger academic fields prioritize papers that reiterate established information and reference articles considered to be canon within the academic field. These papers are also the ones published most quickly, a major point of consideration for academics seeking tenured professorships.
But in smaller fields they found more disruptive articles that were willing to challenge established beliefs or traditionally held notions.
Overall the two professors found inherent and significant biases in the way academic articles were published – a bias that increased with the size of the academic field.
“It is predetermined socially rather than scholarly”, wrote Johan Chu regarding biases in scholarly publishing. A pattern that mirrors the process by which biases determine healthcare articles published through less academic, more mainstream media outlets.
The more a given healthcare topic has been written about, the more ingrained the initial biases become. And the more difficult it becomes to introduce new information – even when the new information is more accurate.
This is why the public sees healthcare the way they do. And why healthcare articles continue to be drafted as they are.
The judgmental heuristics journalists use when crafting healthcare articles present healthcare topics in a biased manner while appearing to be fair and balanced. And subsequent articles reiterate these biases to appear familiar to readers in order to garner greater readership.
And therein lies the failure, at the confluence of two heuristics.
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2021.10.23 11:34 randymcknob This lovely metaphor from Rebeca also perfectly describes Fabinho's role in the team.
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2021.10.23 11:34 TOMMYMILLEROK is it just me or…..
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2021.10.23 11:34 Jestin23934274 Smash Xenoblade meme
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2021.10.23 11:34 TheBlazeBot Bill Maher fires back at woke mob angry over Dave Chappelle's comedy special: 'Where does this insanity come from?'
2021.10.23 11:34 Boozefueledrage I need advice, friends.
I recently have discovered I think I identify more with being Pan rather than Bi. Both are valid don’t get me wrong. But after talking to some friends they suggested that I could be Pan rather than Bi because I’m mentally and physically attracted to all types of humans, trans, F, M, etc.
Have I finally found my true sexual identity? I know I could Google this but I also know this is a safe space that I can ask these type of questions in.
Sometimes my anxiety gets the best of me and I think, “Well since I’m a cis woman that presents as such I’m not believably Pan and people won’t believe me when I let them know my sexuality.”
Am I wrong or just being silly?
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2021.10.23 11:34 goldbutthole Wanted to take a cute pic of my cat, but got this instead.
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2021.10.23 11:34 Hedgewitch250 Echoes and it’s human settlements
The world of echoes is a dangerous landscape that constantly dragged many humans and objects from earth to it. After a generations of humans managed living on echoes A strange structure known as the neo forge began producing infants possessing strange abilities. These infants gave humans the advantage to lay the groundwork for stationed living cutting out settlements so they could actually begin living in echoes not just surviving. It has been a few thousand years since the first settlement was made
I’m giving a list of the settlements and how they operate as a culture and with other settlements. All settlements appear as very detailed and prospering small towns. Technology is also somewhat more advanced thanks to echoes many fauna and flora giving the needed material added to humans already knowing where to start. Any suggestions for a settlement or questions are appreciated.
Solis heir: a settlement made on a more dessert like area of echoes near an oasis. People connected to the forge mainly use their powers to construct structures from rock material and protect Solis from echoes dangerous wildlife. The staple of Solis is that they use solar energy to power what technology they’ve managed. They’re main level of technology covers things such as radio channels, light fixtures, and rudimentary vehicles. They rely heavily on strength and ingenuity as most of they’re reproduce is gained from hunting creatures in echoes. The trade meat and weapons to other settlements for things such as fruit and water. Two leaders govern both equal in power and must both agree on a matter before acting. To achieve this spot one must prove here metal in brains and brawn to show they are a fit leader be it in times of peace or times of conflict. A heated issue is how those connected to the forge were used as slaves being worked rigorously for a fraction of payment
Yemo isles: an island Similar to the Galapagos in having diverse and rich ecosystem. Humans live in well crafted huts mixing both the natural woods and cloths while also enhancing it with technology. Yemoglave is very advanced in its technology such as having wireless phones and drones for various purposes. They have progressed various travel mechanisms from small one person motorized boards for water and powered gliders for air. A unique trait of the island is how the rich minerals effect the water, coloring it differently and giving it unique properties. You’ll see blood red water that can clean poison from your system of pure black water that can be used to slow bleeding. Those connected to the forge here are mainly scientist who examine and experiment with the water in order to find new ways too use it. Yemoglave has a very relaxed way of life as they island contains very few creatures that pose a threat so you’ll see more recreational aspects here compared to others. However there is worry on how their society sees others. They are the only settlement that provides trade (their mineral water) without anything in return. A single female ruler holds power while a council of advisers make issues known to her.
Cordycies: made on the corpse of a gigantic creature that’s been broken down by a strange fungus like entity. The people here have flourished greatly thanks to the fungus grown here. Houses are built in a geodesic dome shape to provide the best protection while most structures use bricks constructed of fungal mycelium. The fungus can be for medicinal purposes such as using symbiotic mushrooms to save limbs that my need amputation. The fungus is a single entity known as the mycelium heart that has human consciousness. It allows the people of cordycies to tend to it while keeping most poisonous spores close to it to protect itself. A single leader control the settlement and is elected by majority vote. This leader power is only rivaled by the heart which communicates by latching spores to the current leader. Those connected too the forge have the most benefits here as they mainly use their powers to explore echoes and bring whatever they find to benefit the settlement. This settlement is next to yemoglave the most independent settlement however they still take building material in exchange for their medicine. They use technology blended with fungus and flora to achieve many great things such as lights made from fluorescent mushrooms and even wires that are actually vines that produce bio-electricity.
Belorah: a system of tunnels constructed by worm like creatures cleared out by humans. The end result was a settlement built with these large tunnels. It has the least people connected to the forge residing here (only 2). as their powers were what allowed them to clear out the worms and excavate the tunnels. This settlements is more unofficial as it was made with the religious belief that the underground was the best location to survive from most dangers. The main resource is insectoids that wonder in the tunnels and underground water deposits. They residents here worship those connected to the forge viewing them as almost divine. These is why they’re leader is one of the two connected to the forge. One with the power to manipulate earth as a dictator and the other who controls fire as their bodyguard. They are not part of trade instead they manage their own settlement believing they have everything they need in their tunnels
Bar savor: the most primitive and dangerous of the settlements. Made of humans who mostly went insane viewing being sent to echoes as a blessing. Taking the chance to live without law bar savor is basically a large bandit gang that steals trade supply when they can and will attack for the simple reason of anarchy. Nobody connected to the forge lives there as anyone with common sense avoids being near them. A dangerous practice in the culture is taking blood from the creatures they slay. Putting it in their bloodstream killed many of them but also mutated others adversely giving them features like extra mouths and enhanced strength. Currently most of them are either mutated from this practice or born with these mutations as a consequence of their parents. Some residents escape wishing for more humane society and take refuge with other settlements. They are treated as immigrants to be monitored until deemed trustworthy.
In reference to the trade between most settlements a council exists known as crown head. 3 seats for each settlement involved that discuss topics that could affect all of them.
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2021.10.23 11:34 Berthe_Aalto275 Floki Fomo! 🤑 just launched 🚀and embarking on a Viral Journey across all major social media platforms to build the largest community in all of DeFi! Join the Floki Fomo Fam on our journey to the Moon! Floki Fomo will be the next Viral Sensation in the Crypto and DeFi world! Let The Fomo Begin🚀🌕
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2021.10.23 11:34 R_Br1878 Noticed a deficiency in this plant about two weeks ago. Thought it was nitrogen so I gave it that with no change. Then tried some CalMag. Still no change. pH runoff is about 6.2. Week 7 of flower. Is there anything I can do? Let it run it’s course? Or harvest early?
2021.10.23 11:34 HungryTears My teeth are still moving, three years after getting me braces off.
I'm terrified of losing my teeth. I First got braces in 2017 and got them off in 2018. I have a permanent retainer on my top teeth and it broke once before and The top right incisor moved a little. I got it fixed and started wearing a Temporary wire retainer. Now after 3 years the exact same thing happened, the permanent retainer broke and the tooth moved! Idk what to do. I'll go to a dentist and get it fixed but is this it? Will me teeth never be as strong as they were before? Is there anything I can do to help it?
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2021.10.23 11:34 aschahal22 Smol drumstick
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2021.10.23 11:34 Kasun_D_001 Changing from a huawei to a one plus
I'm currently using a huawei device and going get a nord want to know if any one here previously used a huawei device and now on a one plus, what's the difference like between these two, is the change good or bad, miss any previously used features???
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